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Humanitarian Aftershocks in Haiti

Mark Schuller (author)

ISBN: 9780813574233

Publication Date: Nov 2015

Format: Paperback

Also available as: Hardback  

The 2010 earthquake in Haiti sparked an international aid response - with pledges and donations of $16 billion - that was exceedingly generous. But now, five years later, that aid has clearly failed. In Humanitarian Aftershocks in Haiti, Mark Schuller captures the voices of those involved in the earthquake aid response, and paints a sharp, unflattering view of the humanitarian enterprise.
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The 2010 earthquake in Haiti was one of the deadliest disasters in modern history, sparking an international aid response - with pledges and donations of $16 billion - that was exceedingly generous. But now, five years later, that generous aid has clearly failed. In Humanitarian Aftershocks in Haiti, anthropologist Mark Schuller captures the voices of those involved in the earthquake aid response, and they paint a sharp, unflattering view of the humanitarian enterprise.

Schuller led an independent study of eight displaced-persons camps in Haiti, compiling more than 150 interviews ranging from Haitian front-line workers and camp directors to foreign humanitarians and many displaced Haitian people. The result is an insightful account of why the multi-billion-dollar aid response not only did little to help but also did much harm, triggering a range of unintended consequences, rupturing Haitian social and cultural institutions, and actually increasing violence, especially against women. The book shows how Haitian people were removed from any real decision-making, replaced by a top-down, NGO-dominated system of humanitarian aid, led by an army of often young, inexperienced foreign workers. Ignorant of Haitian culture, these aid workers unwittingly enacted policies that triggered a range of negative results. Haitian interviewees also note that the NGOs "planted the flag", and often tended to "just do something", always with an eye to the "photo op" (in no small part due to the competition over funding). Worse yet, they blindly supported the eviction of displaced people from the camps, forcing earthquake victims to relocate in vast shantytowns that were hotbeds of violence.

Humanitarian Aftershocks in Haiti concludes with suggestions to help improve humanitarian aid in the future, perhaps most notably, that aid workers listen to - and respect the culture of - the victims of catastrophe.
Illustrations 8 photographs, 4 tables
Pages 296
Dimensions 229 x 152
Date Published 30 Nov 2015
Subject/s History of the Americas   Social & cultural anthropology   Social impact of disasters   Human rights  
Mark Schuller is an assistant professor in the anthropology department and at the Center for NGO Leadership and Development at Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois, USA and is also an affiliate at the Faculté d'Ethnologie, l'Université d'Eátat d'Haiti. He is the award-winning author or coeditor of seven books including Killing with Kindness: Haiti, International Aid, and NGOs (Rutgers University Press), coeditor of Tectonic Shifts: Haiti since the Earthquake, and codirector and coproducer of the documentary Poto Mitan: Haitian Women, Pillars of the Global Economy.

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