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Peru's APRA

Parties, Politics and the Elusive Quest for Democratic Consolidation

Carol Graham (author)

ISBN: 9781555873066

Publication Date: Nov 1992

Format: Hardback

Examines the evolution of APRA from the 1930s through its tenure in government, ending with the 1990 elections. Graham explores the consensus that the party built and the reasons for its breakdown, looking at party-government relations, the economy, its relations with the poor and more.
£36.50

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When Peru's APRA - one of the oldest and most controversial political parties in Latin America - came to power in 1985, expectations were high for the new government, and in part because a decade of economic decline and social crisis had discredited both the military and the right as alternatives. APRA did manage an unprecedented consensus for two years. But a sudden shift in strategy to confrontational rhetoric and authoritarian tactics led to policy stagnation, economic collapse, and a surge of reaction and political violence from extremes of the left and right. Rather than playing the role of the strong centre, APRA acted as a catalyst for the polarisation process. The party's sectarian and authoritarian strains, coupled with the increasingly erratic behaviour of its once-popular young leader, Alan Garcia, created damaging and perhaps irreparable divisions between the party and the rest of society, and between society and polity more generally. This book examines the evolution of APRA from its origins in the 1930s through its tenure in government, ending with the 1990 elections. Graham explores the consensus that the party built and the reasons for its breakdown, looking at party-government relations, the party's role in economic policymaking, its relations with the opposition, and finally, its relations with the marginalised sectors of society, in particular the urban poor. Beyond explaining the extreme crisis in Peru, she contributes to an understanding of the role of parties in the difficult process of democratic consolidation in developing countries.
Illustrations maps
Pages 300
Date Published 30 Nov 1992
Publisher Lynne Rienner Publishers
Subject/s History of the Americas   Economic history   Social & cultural history   Development economics   20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000   Political parties   Socialism & left-of-centre democratic ideologies  
Part 1 APRA As Opposition: APRA 1931-1968 - Confrontation, Compromise, and Counterreform; APRA and the Military "Docenio" - The Stolen Revolution. Part 2 APRA 1980-1985: Renovation and Results. Part 3 APRA in Power: From Unprecedented Consensus to Policy Collapse; Partido de Goberino o del Gobierno?; APRA's Relations with the Opposition; APRA and the Marginalised. Part 4 Impossible Revolution, Relinquished Reform: Conclusion.

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